Head Lice

Head Lice

Head lice is a common problem. There are 6-12 million cases per year. It is not a sign of poor hygiene but rather exposure to the lice.

Genreal information about head lice:
* Humans are the only host
* Lice must feed every 4-6 hours on human blood
* Eggs hatch 7-12 days after being laid
* Lice are spread by direct contact (sharing hats, combs, brushes, etc.)
* Diagnosis is made by seeing the lice or nits in the hair

Treatments:

1. Nix (permethrin 1%) cream rinse
Apply after hair is washed, leave on hair 10-20 minutes, rinse with luke warm water

2. Rid (pyrethrin) shampoo
Apply to dry hair, leave on 10-20 minutes, rinse with warm water

3. Kwell (lindane) shampoo
Apply to dry hair, leave on 10-20 minutes, rinse with warm water
***Due to possible side effects this shampoo is used only for recurrent lice

4. Ovide (malathion) shampoo
Apply to dry hair to thoroughly wet hair, allow to dry, shampoo out after 8-12 hours
THIS IS FLAMMABLE, DO NOT SMOKE AROUND THIS PRODUCT

After initial treatment:
* Comb hair with a Nit comb
* Reinspect the hair in 24-48 hours, if lice are present repeat treatment
* Repeat treatment in 7 days

Prevention of reinfestation:
* Place hats, bedding, & clothes in a hot dryer for 20 minutes
* Seal stuffed animals in a plastic bag for 14 days
* Vacuum rugs, mattresses, & furniture where hair follicles may have fallen

DON’T TREAT CHILDREN WITHOUT LICE DUE TO THE RISK OF SIDE EFFECTS OF THE MEDICINES